Types of deixis Time deixis: refer to temporal context
Ex: I filled up with petrol today
Place deixis: refer to spatial context
Ex: I’m going to London
Person deixis: refer to speaker
Ex: Look at her. (menys)
In linguistics, deixis refers to the phenomenon wherein understanding the meaning of certain words and phrases in an utterance requires contextual information.
Examples: I, you, now, there, tenses etc… (menys)
TYPES OF DEIXIS Person deixis pronouns, possessive affixes of nouns, agreement affixes of verbs
Place deixis this way, that , here, there
Time deixis temporal adverbs: now, then, yesterday and distinctions in tense
Social deixis the distinction between familiar and polite second person pronouns
NON-DEICTIC USAGE A non-deictic expression is an expression for which you don't need context to understand it since it doesn't refer to anything in particular.
Example: “You have to be 21 to be allowed to buy a gun.”
- it refers to whoever is reading the sign. It could also be replaced with “one has to...”. (menys)
The function of a deictic element is specifying its referent in a given context.
Deixis is not used for everyone in the same way
How are we doing today?” instead of “How are you doing today?” just to be more empathetic. (menys)